This was the case until 2009 when ECMAScript 5 (ES5) appeared. It added new features to the language and modified some of the existing ones. To keep the old code working, most such modifications are off by default. You need to explicitly enable them with a special directive: "usestrict".
The directive looks like a string: "use strict" or 'use strict'. When it is located at the top of a script, the whole script works the “modern” way.
// this code works the modern way
Quite soon we’re going to learn functions (a way to group commands), so let’s note in advance that "use strict" can be put at the beginning of a function. Doing that enables strict mode in that function only. But usually people use it for the whole script.
Ensure that “use strict” is at the top
Please make sure that "use strict" is at the top of your scripts, otherwise strict mode may not be enabled.
Strict mode isn’t enabled here:
// "use strict" below is ignored--it must be at the top
// strict mode is not activated
Only comments may appear above "use strict".